The building was first designed for an architecture contest in 1901. A Viennese-based architect of Serbian origin, Konstantin A. Jovanović, set the original blueprints. The design was later modified by architect Jovan Ilkić. Construction began in 1906, and King Petar I set the building’s cornerstone.
Jovan Ilkić passed away in a concentration camp in 1917, and the original blueprints were lost or destroyed. The architect’s son Pavle Ilkić assumed control of the project following World War I. Over a thirty-year construction period, the palatial structure took on Baroque, Classical, and Neo-Renaissance influences. Construction was completed in 1936.
Ilkić’s building has housed a number of political groups. The building initially served as the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After the Assembly was dissolved in 1939, the building became the headquarters for the civil administration of Serbia. It then housed the Assembly of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and starting in the 1990s it housed the Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
From 2003 until mid-2006, the building served the National Assembly of Serbia and Montenegro. It has served as the Federal Parliament building since the dissolution of the Serbia/Montenegro state union in May 2006.
The National Parliament is located on Terazije Street in the heart of downtown Belgrade. It is in front of Pioneers Park and near Nikola Pašić Square.