People of Serbia
Serbia, officially called the Republic of Serbia, was part of the former country of Yugoslavia, which was broken up in the 1990s, as a result of years of internal, ethnic wars and conflicts. However, in 2003, Yugoslavia subsequently became the new states of Serbia and Montenegro and in June 2006, Serbia gained independence from Montenegro and was recognized as a sovereign nation by the United Nations and other countries.
Located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, Serbia is surrounded by many countries. These include Hungary to the north, Romania in the northeast, Macedonia to the south and to the west, the former Yugoslavian states of Montenegro, Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Due to its strategic location between Europe and Asia, Serbia was once an important trade route. With a size of over 30,000 square miles, Serbia is broken down into two self-governing provinces, namely Kosovo and Metohija -Vojvodina and it has a population of about 10 million people.
Known to be one of the oldest European cities, Belgrade is the capital of Serbia and was once the Yugoslavian capital. It is the center of administration, economy, education and culture and many nationalities call Belgrade their home. With a population of 1.6 million people, 90% of the city is Serbs with about 66% in the whole country. In spite of the past internal conflicts, there are approximately 37 nationalities living in Serbia, including Albanians which make up about 17% as well as Hungarians, Bulgarians, Romanians and Croats.
The climate in Serbia and Belgrade is continental temperate, having warm summers up to about 35 degrees Celsius and cold and snowy winters ranging from -10 to 10 degree Celsius.
Since its independence, Serbia and Belgrade have been enjoying some form of stability and growth with a democratic government elected every four years.